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372 – Bugs are Coming! Safe Products for Breeding Dogs + Coronavirus | Pure Dog Talk

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Bugs are Coming! Safe Products for Breeding Dogs + Coronavirus

Dr. Marty Greer brings her pragmatic Veterinary Voice to the topic of Coronavirus and what products are safe to use for flea, tick and heartworm prevention in breeding dogs.

COVID-19 is not currently believed to be communicable between humans and dogs. Coronavirus is a general term for a *shape* of a virus and encompasses a variety of viral infections in many species. For more information on recommendations regarding veterinary care during this outbreak, click here.

As spring brings the reemergence of various creepy, crawly parasites that affect our dogs, Greer provides in-depth information about which products are safe for use on dogs in our breeding programs, including brood bitches and stud dogs over the course of time, as well as bitches in whelp.

Greer said, “I think it’s really appropriate for us to stick to the EPA and FDA approved drugs that we know have been tested and safe in breeding animals. So, for instance, Bravecto says there were no clinically relevant treatment-related effects on body weights, food consumption, reproductive performance, semen analysis, litter data, gross necropsy or Histology findings in adults and puppies. So we need to be looking for that kind of language on a label before we go slapping things on or popping things into our dogs … I just want to be perfectly clear for what products have or have not been tested.

“So there’s three basic categories of flea and tick medications. There’s the collar, there’s the topical, the oil that goes over the back of the neck or down the back and there’s the tablets or the chewables. So there are the three general categories and of those three there’s no collar …. labeled for that use in breeding dogs … the topicals, some are definitely labeled and some are not definitely labeled. …if it says like Frontline says safe for breeding, pregnant and lactating dogs and cats, then it’s safe. If it doesn’t say that you shouldn’t use it. It needs to be clear. And if we look at the oral there’s …. three oral medications that are not labeled for use in breeding animals. Bravecto is labeled for use in breeding animals. So we need to be really, really clear that we’re looking at the labels or reading the instructions and we’re thinking at eight weeks of age, what is the this dog’s future, not just is she pregnant right now, but what is her future.”

Product Active Ingredients Purpose/Effective Against Minimum Age/Weight Pregnant/Nursing/Male
Heartworm
Advantage Multi for Dogs Imidacloprid and moidectin Flea, louse, heartworm, hookworm, whipworm, roundworm and mange.  Topical every 30 days 7 weeks/3lbs Safety not established.
Advantage Multi for Cats Imidacloprid and moxidectin Ear mites, flea, heartworm, hookworm and roundworm.  Topical every 30 days 9 weeks/2 lbs Safety not established.
Heartgard Plus Ivermectin,

Pyrantel pamoate

Heartworm, roundworms & hookworms Tablet every 30 days 6 weeks Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs
Heartgard Ivermectin Dog: Heartworm. Tablet every 30 days

Cat: Heartworm and hookworm. Tablet every 30 days

6 weeks Safe
Interceptor Milbemycin oxime Heartworm, hookworm, whipworm, roundworm. Every 30 days Dog: 4 weeks/2 lbs

Cat: 6 weeks/1.5lbs

Dogs: Safe

Cat: Not established

Interceptor Plus Milbemycin oxime and praziquantel tablet Heartworm, roundworm (Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina), adult hookworm (Ancylostoma caninum), adult whipworm (Trichuris vulpis), and adult tapeworm (Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus) Tablet every 30 days Dogs and puppies 2 pounds of body weight or greater and 6 weeks of age and older. Safe

Not evaluated in breeding, pregnant or lactating dogs.  Only milbemycin has been studied and is safe.

Iverhart Max Ivermectin,

Pyrantel pamoate, praziquantel

Heartworm, roundworms, hookworms, and tapeworms. Tablet every 30 days 8 weeks/6 lbs Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs

Not evaluated in pregnant or lactating.  Safe in males.

Iverhart Plus Ivermectin,

Pyrantel pamoate

Heartworm, roundworms, and hookworms, every 30 days 6 weeks Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs
Revolution Selamectin Dog:Heartworm, Fleas, flea eggs, scabies,

ear mites, hookworms, roundworms, lice

(Trichodectes canis), ticks (Haemaphysalis leachi &Rhipicephalus sanguineus), Topical every 30 days.

 

Cat: Heartworm, roundworm, hookworm, fleas and mites. Topical every 30 days.

Dog: 6 weeks

Cat: 8 weeks

To prevent roundworm infection, REVOLUTION

should be administered at monthly intervals during

pregnancy with a dose administered approximately 2 weeks before parturition. The next treatment should be administered to the bitch or queen, ten days after parturition and followed by another treatment 1 month later. This schedule of treatments for bitches and queens will prevent adult roundworm infections in suckling puppies and kittens for 7 weeks after birth.

Sentinel Milbemycin, Lufenuron Heartworm, roundworms, whipworms, hookworms & flea eggs. Tablet every 30 days 4 weeks & 2 lbs Safe
Sentinel Spectrum Milbemycin, Lufenuron, Praziquantel Heartworm, roundworms, whipworms, hookworms & flea eggs, tapeworms.

Tablet every 30 days

6 weeks & 2 lbs Not tested
Tri-Heart Plus Ivermectin,

Pyrantel pamoate

Heartworm, roundworms and hookworms every 30 days 6 weeks Safe
Trifexis Milbemycin oxime and Spinosad Heartworm, fleas, roundworms, hookworms, & whipworms.  Tablet every 30 days 8 weeks &
5 lbs
Not safe in pregnancy due to fetal malformations, not evaluated in males.  Caution in dogs with seizure history.  Use with caution in breeding females.
Flea and Tick
Advantage II Imidacloprid & insect growth regulator (pyriproxyfen) Adult fleas, flea larvae, flea eggs, lice.

Every 30 days

3 pounds & 7 weeks Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant or nursing dogs.
BioGroom Pyrethrin shampoo Kills fleas, ticks, lice, and ear mites. 5 pounds & 12 weeks Consult a veterinarian before using on sick, aged pregnant or nursing animals.
BioSpot Active Care Spot on
Etofenprox, Piperonyl, Pyriproxyfen (Nylar®)
(S)-Methoprene
Fleas, Flea Eggs, Flea Larvae, Tick, Tick Nymphs, Tick Larvae, Brown Dog Ticks, Deer Ticks

Kills & Repels: Mosquitoes

Every 30 days.

12 weeks. No
Bravecto Fluralaner Dog: Fleas, ticks 12 weeks (Ixodes scapularis – black-legged tick, Dermacentor variabilis – American dog tick,and Rhipicephalus sanguineus – brown dog tick), and for 8 weeks (Amblyomma americanum – lone star tick). Topical

 

Cat: Flea, ticks 12 weeks (Ixodes scapularis – black-legged tick. Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick) infestations for 8 weeks. Topical

 

Dog:6 months/4.4 lbs

 

Cat: 6 months/2.6 lbs

Dog: There were no clinically-relevant, treatment-related effects on the body weights, food consumption, reproductive performance, semen analysis, litter data, gross necropsy (adult dogs) or histopathology findings (adult dogs and puppies). Bravecto has not been shown to be effective for 12-weeks duration in puppies less than 6 months of age.

Cat: Not established.

Capstar tabs Nitenpyram Dog and Cat: Fleas as often as 1 x a day 4 weeks/2 lbs Birth defects & fetal loss
Certifect Fipronil,  Amitraz

S-methoprene

Deer ticks, Gulf Coast ticks, Black legged ticks, Brown Dog ticks, American Dog ticks, Lone Star ticks, Yellow Dog ticks, European Dog ticks, Wood ticks, and Paralysis ticks 5 pounds & 8 weeks Can also be used on breeding pregnant and lactating bitches.
Comfortis Spinosad Dog: Fleas. Tablet every 30 days 3.3 pounds & 14 weeks The safe use of COMFORTIS in breeding, pregnant, or lactating cats has not been evaluated. Caution in dogs with seizure history.

Safety has not been evaluated in breeding males.  Use with caution in breeding females.

Credelio Lotilaner Dog: Adult fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) and ticks  [Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), Ixodes scapularis (black-legged tick) & Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick). Tablet every 30 days. 8 weeks of age &  4.4 pounds The safe use of CREDELIO in breeding, pregnant or lactating dogs has not been evaluated. Use with caution in dogs with a history of seizures.
FiproGuard Fipronil & s-methoprene Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days 8 weeks Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs
FiproGuard Plus Fipronil, (s)-methoprene, and novaluron Dog and Cat: Fleas, ticks, and lice.

Topical every 30 days.

Dog: 8 weeks

Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs

Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dog and cat.
Frontline Fipronil Fleas, ticks and chewing lice. Waterproof. Every 30 days. 8 weeks Can be used on breeding, pregnant & lactating bitches
Frontline Plus Fipronil and (S)-methoprene Dog: Fleas including eggs & larvae, ticks, mites/mange, and lice. Topical every 30 days.

Cat:Fleas including eggs & larvae, ticks and lice. Waterproof. Topical every 30 days.

Dog: 8 weeks/5 lbs

Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs

Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dog and cats.
Frontline Spray Fipronil Fleas, Ticks and Chewing Lice. – Kills all life stages of ticks (larva, nymph and adult), including brown dog ticks (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), American dog ticks (Dermacentor variabilis), lone star ticks (Amblyomma americanum) and deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis).Wear gloves. Approximately 1 to 2 pumps per pound of the animal’s body weight will be required. Pets with long or dense coats will require the higher rate. Waterproof. 30 to 90 days. 8 weeks Approved for use on all dogs, including breeding, pregnant, and lactating bitches and puppies as young as 8 weeks.

 

Frontline Gold Fipronil, (s)-methoprene, pyriproxyfen Cats and dogs: Flea, tick and chewing lice. Dog: 8 weeks/5lbs

Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs

Safe
Hartz First Defense Fipronil Fleas, ticks and chewing lice. Waterproof. Every 30 days. 8 weeks BREEDING, PREGNANT AND LACTATING BITCHES,
K9 Advantix II Imidacloprid, Permethrin*, & Pyriproxyfen Ticks, fleas, mosquitoes, biting flies and lice. Every 30 days, can reapply in 7 days. 7 weeks/4lbs NO CATS. Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant or nursing animals.
Nexgard Afoxolaner Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days. 8 weeks & 4 lbs Not tested. Caution in dogs with seizure history.
PetArmor Fipronil Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days. 8 weeks Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs
PetArmor Plus for Dogs Fipronil and

S-Methoprene

Adult fleas, flea eggs, flea larvae, ticks, chewing lice and prevents the development of flea pupae. It controls mites that may cause sarcoptic mange and kills deer ticks that can transmit Lyme disease. It also kills brown dog ticks, American dog ticks, and lone star ticks and prevents flea reinfestations for 4 weeks. 8 weeks. Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs
Preventic Collar Amitraz Ticks for 90 days 12 weeks Not tested.  No cats.
Revolution Selamectin Heartworm, fleas & flea eggs, ear mites, Sarcoptes, American Dog Tick. Every 30 days Dog: 6 weeks

Cat: 8 weeks

Safe
Scalibor Protector Band Deltamethrin Fleas & ticks. Every 6 months. 12 weeks Consult a veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant, medicated, or nursing animals.
Sentry Capguard Nitenpyram Fleas. 2 pounds & 4 weeks Birth defects & fetal loss
Sentry Natural Defense Dog: Peppermint oil, cinnamon oil, lemongrass oil, clove oil & thyme oil

Cat: Peppermint oil, clove oil, & lemongrass oil.

Fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. Every 30 days 12 weeks Attacks octopamine.  Consult vet.
Seresto collar Flumethrin & Imidacloprid Fleas, ticks, lice, sarcoptic mites. 8 months 7 weeks and 18 pounds Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, breeding, pregnant, or nursing animals.
Simparica Sarolaner Adult fleas, and is indicated for the treatment and prevention of flea infestations (Ctenocephalides felis), and the treatment and control of tick infestations [Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick), Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), and

Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick)]. Every 30 days.

6 months & 2.8 pounds Not tested
Spectra Shield Zetacypermethrin & Piperonyl Butoxide Fleas & ticks. Lasts up to 4 months. 6 months If used on pregnant or nursing dogs, do not replace medallion until puppies are at least 6 weeks old.
Vectra 3D Dinotefuran, Pyriproxyfen, & Permethrin Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days. Mosquito & biting flies, sand mites, lice repellency. Water repellency.  “Hot foot” effect before they bite. 8 weeks & 2.5 pounds Label says “do not use”
Vet’s Best Natural Flea & Tick spot-on Clove Leaf Oil, Thyme White Oil, Cinnamon Oil Fleas and ticks, repels mosquitos. 12 weeks Label is silent.

 

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