372 – Bugs are Coming! Safe Products for Breeding Dogs + Coronavirus | Pure Dog Talk
Bugs are Coming! Safe Products for Breeding Dogs + Coronavirus
Dr. Marty Greer brings her pragmatic Veterinary Voice to the topic of Coronavirus and what products are safe to use for flea, tick and heartworm prevention in breeding dogs.
COVID-19 is not currently believed to be communicable between humans and dogs. Coronavirus is a general term for a *shape* of a virus and encompasses a variety of viral infections in many species. For more information on recommendations regarding veterinary care during this outbreak, click here.
As spring brings the reemergence of various creepy, crawly parasites that affect our dogs, Greer provides in-depth information about which products are safe for use on dogs in our breeding programs, including brood bitches and stud dogs over the course of time, as well as bitches in whelp.
Greer said, “I think it’s really appropriate for us to stick to the EPA and FDA approved drugs that we know have been tested and safe in breeding animals. So, for instance, Bravecto says there were no clinically relevant treatment-related effects on body weights, food consumption, reproductive performance, semen analysis, litter data, gross necropsy or Histology findings in adults and puppies. So we need to be looking for that kind of language on a label before we go slapping things on or popping things into our dogs … I just want to be perfectly clear for what products have or have not been tested.
“So there’s three basic categories of flea and tick medications. There’s the collar, there’s the topical, the oil that goes over the back of the neck or down the back and there’s the tablets or the chewables. So there are the three general categories and of those three there’s no collar …. labeled for that use in breeding dogs … the topicals, some are definitely labeled and some are not definitely labeled. …if it says like Frontline says safe for breeding, pregnant and lactating dogs and cats, then it’s safe. If it doesn’t say that you shouldn’t use it. It needs to be clear. And if we look at the oral there’s …. three oral medications that are not labeled for use in breeding animals. Bravecto is labeled for use in breeding animals. So we need to be really, really clear that we’re looking at the labels or reading the instructions and we’re thinking at eight weeks of age, what is the this dog’s future, not just is she pregnant right now, but what is her future.”
|Product||Active Ingredients||Purpose/Effective Against||Minimum Age/Weight||Pregnant/Nursing/Male|
|Advantage Multi for Dogs||Imidacloprid and moidectin||Flea, louse, heartworm, hookworm, whipworm, roundworm and mange. Topical every 30 days||7 weeks/3lbs||Safety not established.|
|Advantage Multi for Cats||Imidacloprid and moxidectin||Ear mites, flea, heartworm, hookworm and roundworm. Topical every 30 days||9 weeks/2 lbs||Safety not established.|
|Heartworm, roundworms & hookworms Tablet every 30 days||6 weeks||Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs|
|Heartgard||Ivermectin||Dog: Heartworm. Tablet every 30 days
Cat: Heartworm and hookworm. Tablet every 30 days
|Interceptor||Milbemycin oxime||Heartworm, hookworm, whipworm, roundworm. Every 30 days||Dog: 4 weeks/2 lbs
Cat: 6 weeks/1.5lbs
Cat: Not established
|Interceptor Plus||Milbemycin oxime and praziquantel tablet||Heartworm, roundworm (Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina), adult hookworm (Ancylostoma caninum), adult whipworm (Trichuris vulpis), and adult tapeworm (Taenia pisiformis, Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granulosus) Tablet every 30 days||Dogs and puppies 2 pounds of body weight or greater and 6 weeks of age and older.||Safe
Not evaluated in breeding, pregnant or lactating dogs. Only milbemycin has been studied and is safe.
Pyrantel pamoate, praziquantel
|Heartworm, roundworms, hookworms, and tapeworms. Tablet every 30 days||8 weeks/6 lbs||Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs
Not evaluated in pregnant or lactating. Safe in males.
|Heartworm, roundworms, and hookworms, every 30 days||6 weeks||Safe in pregnant or breeding bitches, stud dogs|
|Revolution||Selamectin||Dog:Heartworm, Fleas, flea eggs, scabies,
ear mites, hookworms, roundworms, lice
(Trichodectes canis), ticks (Haemaphysalis leachi &Rhipicephalus sanguineus), Topical every 30 days.
Cat: Heartworm, roundworm, hookworm, fleas and mites. Topical every 30 days.
|Dog: 6 weeks
Cat: 8 weeks
|To prevent roundworm infection, REVOLUTION
should be administered at monthly intervals during
pregnancy with a dose administered approximately 2 weeks before parturition. The next treatment should be administered to the bitch or queen, ten days after parturition and followed by another treatment 1 month later. This schedule of treatments for bitches and queens will prevent adult roundworm infections in suckling puppies and kittens for 7 weeks after birth.
|Sentinel||Milbemycin, Lufenuron||Heartworm, roundworms, whipworms, hookworms & flea eggs. Tablet every 30 days||4 weeks & 2 lbs||Safe|
|Sentinel Spectrum||Milbemycin, Lufenuron, Praziquantel||Heartworm, roundworms, whipworms, hookworms & flea eggs, tapeworms.
Tablet every 30 days
|6 weeks & 2 lbs||Not tested|
|Heartworm, roundworms and hookworms every 30 days||6 weeks||Safe|
|Trifexis||Milbemycin oxime and Spinosad||Heartworm, fleas, roundworms, hookworms, & whipworms. Tablet every 30 days||8 weeks &
|Not safe in pregnancy due to fetal malformations, not evaluated in males. Caution in dogs with seizure history. Use with caution in breeding females.|
|Flea and Tick|
|Advantage II||Imidacloprid & insect growth regulator (pyriproxyfen)||Adult fleas, flea larvae, flea eggs, lice.
Every 30 days
|3 pounds & 7 weeks||Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant or nursing dogs.|
|BioGroom||Pyrethrin shampoo||Kills fleas, ticks, lice, and ear mites.||5 pounds & 12 weeks||Consult a veterinarian before using on sick, aged pregnant or nursing animals.|
|BioSpot Active Care Spot on||
|Fleas, Flea Eggs, Flea Larvae, Tick, Tick Nymphs, Tick Larvae, Brown Dog Ticks, Deer Ticks
Kills & Repels: Mosquitoes
Every 30 days.
|Bravecto||Fluralaner||Dog: Fleas, ticks 12 weeks (Ixodes scapularis – black-legged tick, Dermacentor variabilis – American dog tick,and Rhipicephalus sanguineus – brown dog tick), and for 8 weeks (Amblyomma americanum – lone star tick). Topical
Cat: Flea, ticks 12 weeks (Ixodes scapularis – black-legged tick. Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick) infestations for 8 weeks. Topical
|Dog:6 months/4.4 lbs
Cat: 6 months/2.6 lbs
|Dog: There were no clinically-relevant, treatment-related effects on the body weights, food consumption, reproductive performance, semen analysis, litter data, gross necropsy (adult dogs) or histopathology findings (adult dogs and puppies). Bravecto has not been shown to be effective for 12-weeks duration in puppies less than 6 months of age.
Cat: Not established.
|Capstar tabs||Nitenpyram||Dog and Cat: Fleas as often as 1 x a day||4 weeks/2 lbs||Birth defects & fetal loss|
|Deer ticks, Gulf Coast ticks, Black legged ticks, Brown Dog ticks, American Dog ticks, Lone Star ticks, Yellow Dog ticks, European Dog ticks, Wood ticks, and Paralysis ticks||5 pounds & 8 weeks||Can also be used on breeding pregnant and lactating bitches.|
|Comfortis||Spinosad||Dog: Fleas. Tablet every 30 days||3.3 pounds & 14 weeks||The safe use of COMFORTIS in breeding, pregnant, or lactating cats has not been evaluated. Caution in dogs with seizure history.
Safety has not been evaluated in breeding males. Use with caution in breeding females.
|Credelio||Lotilaner||Dog: Adult fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) and ticks [Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), Ixodes scapularis (black-legged tick) & Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick). Tablet every 30 days.||8 weeks of age & 4.4 pounds||The safe use of CREDELIO in breeding, pregnant or lactating dogs has not been evaluated. Use with caution in dogs with a history of seizures.|
|FiproGuard||Fipronil & s-methoprene||Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days||8 weeks||Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs|
|FiproGuard Plus||Fipronil, (s)-methoprene, and novaluron||Dog and Cat: Fleas, ticks, and lice.
Topical every 30 days.
|Dog: 8 weeks
Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs
|Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dog and cat.|
|Frontline||Fipronil||Fleas, ticks and chewing lice. Waterproof. Every 30 days.||8 weeks||Can be used on breeding, pregnant & lactating bitches|
|Frontline Plus||Fipronil and (S)-methoprene||Dog: Fleas including eggs & larvae, ticks, mites/mange, and lice. Topical every 30 days.
Cat:Fleas including eggs & larvae, ticks and lice. Waterproof. Topical every 30 days.
|Dog: 8 weeks/5 lbs
Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs
|Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dog and cats.|
|Frontline Spray||Fipronil||Fleas, Ticks and Chewing Lice. – Kills all life stages of ticks (larva, nymph and adult), including brown dog ticks (Rhipicephalus sanguineus), American dog ticks (Dermacentor variabilis), lone star ticks (Amblyomma americanum) and deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis).Wear gloves. Approximately 1 to 2 pumps per pound of the animal’s body weight will be required. Pets with long or dense coats will require the higher rate. Waterproof. 30 to 90 days.||8 weeks||Approved for use on all dogs, including breeding, pregnant, and lactating bitches and puppies as young as 8 weeks.
|Frontline Gold||Fipronil, (s)-methoprene, pyriproxyfen||Cats and dogs: Flea, tick and chewing lice.||Dog: 8 weeks/5lbs
Cat: 8 weeks/1.5lbs
|Hartz First Defense||Fipronil||Fleas, ticks and chewing lice. Waterproof. Every 30 days.||8 weeks||BREEDING, PREGNANT AND LACTATING BITCHES,|
|K9 Advantix II||Imidacloprid, Permethrin*, & Pyriproxyfen||Ticks, fleas, mosquitoes, biting flies and lice. Every 30 days, can reapply in 7 days.||7 weeks/4lbs||NO CATS. Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant or nursing animals.|
|Nexgard||Afoxolaner||Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days.||8 weeks & 4 lbs||Not tested. Caution in dogs with seizure history.|
|PetArmor||Fipronil||Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days.||8 weeks||Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs|
|PetArmor Plus for Dogs||Fipronil and
|Adult fleas, flea eggs, flea larvae, ticks, chewing lice and prevents the development of flea pupae. It controls mites that may cause sarcoptic mange and kills deer ticks that can transmit Lyme disease. It also kills brown dog ticks, American dog ticks, and lone star ticks and prevents flea reinfestations for 4 weeks.||8 weeks.||Safe for breeding, pregnant, and lactating dogs|
|Preventic Collar||Amitraz||Ticks for 90 days||12 weeks||Not tested. No cats.|
|Revolution||Selamectin||Heartworm, fleas & flea eggs, ear mites, Sarcoptes, American Dog Tick. Every 30 days||Dog: 6 weeks
Cat: 8 weeks
|Scalibor Protector Band||Deltamethrin||Fleas & ticks. Every 6 months.||12 weeks||Consult a veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, pregnant, medicated, or nursing animals.|
|Sentry Capguard||Nitenpyram||Fleas.||2 pounds & 4 weeks||Birth defects & fetal loss|
|Sentry Natural Defense||Dog: Peppermint oil, cinnamon oil, lemongrass oil, clove oil & thyme oil
Cat: Peppermint oil, clove oil, & lemongrass oil.
|Fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. Every 30 days||12 weeks||Attacks octopamine. Consult vet.|
|Seresto collar||Flumethrin & Imidacloprid||Fleas, ticks, lice, sarcoptic mites. 8 months||7 weeks and 18 pounds||Consult your veterinarian before using this product on debilitated, aged, breeding, pregnant, or nursing animals.|
|Simparica||Sarolaner||Adult fleas, and is indicated for the treatment and prevention of flea infestations (Ctenocephalides felis), and the treatment and control of tick infestations [Amblyomma americanum (Lone Star tick), Amblyomma maculatum (Gulf Coast tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), and
Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brown dog tick)]. Every 30 days.
|6 months & 2.8 pounds||Not tested|
|Spectra Shield||Zetacypermethrin & Piperonyl Butoxide||Fleas & ticks. Lasts up to 4 months.||6 months||If used on pregnant or nursing dogs, do not replace medallion until puppies are at least 6 weeks old.|
|Vectra 3D||Dinotefuran, Pyriproxyfen, & Permethrin||Fleas & ticks. Every 30 days. Mosquito & biting flies, sand mites, lice repellency. Water repellency. “Hot foot” effect before they bite.||8 weeks & 2.5 pounds||Label says “do not use”|
|Vet’s Best Natural Flea & Tick spot-on||Clove Leaf Oil, Thyme White Oil, Cinnamon Oil||Fleas and ticks, repels mosquitos.||12 weeks||Label is silent.|
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