Breeders Voice: Dr. Gayle Watkins, Nutrition of the Dam and Canine Nomographs


Dr. Gayle Watkins, Nutrition of the Dam and Canine Nomographs

In this Episode:

The 7 Stages of Growth

Macro Nutrients:  Sources and minimum requirements at pregnancy, neonatal, lactation, and weaning stages.

  • Protein,
  • Fat and
  • Carbohydrates – their sources and minimum requirements at stages of pregnancy, neonatal, lactation, and weaning are discussed.

Micro Nutrients:

  • Folic Acid enhances brain and nervous system development and reduces cleft pallet occurrences.
  • Probiotics for immune support and to help establish a healthy microbiome in the puppies

How the vaginal birthing process affects immune system development.

Importance of colostrum in the first 12 hours.


Canine Nomograph

Blood Test on the Dam that tells:

  1. When maternal antibodies drop
  2. When Puppies are vulnerable to parvovirus and distemper
  3. Identifies when to vaccinate – when puppies can respond to the vaccine
  4. Reduces the number of puppy vaccinations required for protection
  5. Enables better socialization


Click to see larger image

About Gayle:

Dr. Gayle Watkins has been breeding and showing multipurpose golden retrievers for 38 years under the kennel name Gaylan’s. Driven by a passion for science, she has taken her background as both a researcher and teacher, and applied it to breed and raise healthy, stable dogs. With the help of hundreds of wonderful Gaylan’s owners, Gayle has produced nearly 70 conformation, obedience, agility, tracking, and rally champions, as well as many Qualified-All-Age field trial goldens and master hunters. She was recently recognized by the AKC as one of the 2016 Breeders of the Year for performance sports. Gayle lives in the mountains of western North Carolina with her husband and longtime breeding partner, Andy Chmar, and her beloved dogs.


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